Vast Majority of U.S. Households Benefit from Robust Fixed Broadband Competition That Will Grow and Become More Intense In Near Future, A New ACA Connects’ Study Finds

June 23, 2022

Major Broadband Competition Study Sets Table for Upcoming Renewed Debate on Tighter Federal Controls Over Provision of Broadband Service

PITTSBURGH, JUNE 23, 2022 – ACA Connects today released an in-depth study of the U.S. broadband market that found the vast majority of Americans now enjoy the fruits of robust broadband competition, and the competitive market will further expand and intensify in the next several years.

The study made these key findings:

  • A substantial majority of U.S. households have access to multiple broadband providers offering robust fixed service, and the competitive market will further grow and become more intense in the next three years;
  • The percentage of U.S. households with a choice of such providers has increased dramatically since 2014; and
  • Of the limited number of households without access to multiple providers, most have or soon will have access to a provider of robust, fixed broadband service whose service is subsidized by government funding and whose prices and other terms of service are subject to regulatory oversight.

As a result, the study concluded that whatever case there may have been to impose common-carrier style regulation on fixed broadband providers has vanished, especially for smaller providers.

ACA Connects President and CEO Grant Spellmeyer underscored the importance of the study’s findings and conclusions:

“After decades of investment by multiple fixed broadband providers in every local market – amounting to well over $1 trillion during that time – the vast majority of American consumers now have a choice of broadband providers offering robust, reliable, fixed broadband service.  And the reach and intensity of competition will only increase as broadband providers continue to invest many tens of billions of dollars annually,” said Spellmeyer.  ACAC represents approximately 500 smaller, independent broadband providers.

The study demonstrates that a substantial majority of U.S. households have a choice of fixed broadband providers today.  It reveals that more than 90% of households have access to at least one broadband provider offering 100/20+ service and at least one additional provider offering 25/3+ service.

The study also shows that by 2025, 74% of all households will have access to at least two broadband providers both offering 100/20+ service.

However, these projections, which are based solely on historic data, are conservative, given the announced plans of major incumbent telecommunications providers to dramatically accelerate the pace of their investments in fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP ) infrastructure over the next five years.  Taking these already-announced plans into account, the study projects that approximately 84% of all households will have access to at least two providers offering 100/20+ service by end-of-year 2025.

Projected share of households with at least two providers capable of offering 100/20+ service

Projection #1: Based on historic trends.
Projection #2: Taking into account the announced plans of major incumbent telecommunications providers to dramatically increase the rate at which they invest in new fiber.

ACA Connects’ analysis of the Federal Communications Commission’s deployment data shows that in a mere six years — from 2014 to 2020 — the percentage of U.S. households with access to at least one broadband provider offering 100/20+ service and at least one additional provider offering 25/3+ Mbps broadband service more than doubled — from 32% to 84%.

In that same timespan, the percentage of households with access to two providers offering speeds of 100/20+ Mbps increased more than three-fold, from 17% to 58%.

Percentage of households with at least two providers meeting various speed requirements

Requirement #1: At least two providers capable of offering service at 25/3+.
Requirement #2: At least one provider capable of offering service at 100/20+ and at least one additional provider capable of offering service at 25/3+.
Requirement #3: At least two providers capable of offering service at 100/20+.

ACA Connects’ Spellmeyer explained that the study’s findings demonstrate that policymakers made the right call in allowing market forces to advance deployment to the maximum extent possible and then, in economically challenging areas, providing government funding to ensure service is available service.

“The federal government has established a two-prong approach for bringing fast and reliable fixed broadband service to all Americans: enable and encourage entry and competition in a light-touch regulatory environment; and, where the economics are too challenging, subsidize and regulate the provision of service.  After two decades, the results are now in.  We have developed in the United States a broadband infrastructure that is robust, reliable, and competitive because of the combined efforts of the private and public sectors.  Working together, the two sectors are making great strides in closing the broadband availability and adoption gaps that remain” ACAC’s Spellmeyer said.

The study additionally demonstrates that for households where multiple providers may not be present, a significant share is already served, or soon will be, by a provider receiving deployment subsidies that subject the provider’s rates, terms, and conditions to government oversight.

Nearly 7% of U.S. households fall into this category today, and that percentage will increase significantly over the next few years as states begin to distribute funds provided under the Broadband Equity Access and Deployment (BEAD) program and various broadband programs funded by federal stimulus laws continue to gain traction.

ACA Connects’ study shows that broadband competition is already widespread and will continue to strengthen, thus benefiting consumers and eliminating any need to impose regulations restricting providers’ prices, terms, and conditions, which would cause harm without any gain.

“Given that competition is widespread and thriving, and government has already ample regulatory authority to protect consumers where competition is lacking, there is no justification to impose additional heavy-hand common-carrier-style regulation on fixed broadband providers as a whole,” said Spellmeyer.  “Doing so would yield few, if any, tangible benefits but would discourage entry, investment, and innovation, to the detriment of consumers.  However, even if new regulation were to be imposed on larger providers, there is a strong case for exempting smaller providers from any such regulation.”

As the study explains, if the government applied common-carrier-style regulation only to larger providers, regulatory pressure would still be placed on smaller providers to the extent that they serve an area that is also served by a larger provider and thus would have to compete for customers with the larger regulated provider.

Approximately 97% of U.S. households are in areas served by at least one larger broadband provider.  Furthermore, many of the remaining 3% of households are located in areas where there are at least two smaller providers already offering service at 100/20+ (and are thus already protected by competition) or in areas where there is currently a provider of broadband service receiving FCC high-cost subsidy support (that is already subject to regulatory oversight because it is subsidized).  Thus, the share of households that would potentially benefit from extending additional regulation to smaller providers is exceedingly small and will only decrease.

“Smaller providers, many of which are family businesses, cooperatives, or municipal entities, simply do not have the financial sophistication and administrative capability to comply with a complex set of new regulatory requirements and procedures without incurring significant additional costs.  Customers of these firms will ultimately bear a substantial fraction of these cost increases.  Because of the tremendous costs it would impose, relying on common carrier regulation should be seen as a last, not first, resort, especially for smaller providers.  If you look at the facts about competition and existing regulation, it is time to take common-carrier-style regulation for broadband service off the table,” said Spellmeyer.


About ACA Connects: America’s Communications Association – Based in Pittsburgh, ACA Connects is a trade organization representing more than 600 smaller and medium-sized, independent companies that provide broadband, phone and video services to nearly 8 million customers primarily located in rural and smaller suburban markets across America. Through active participation in the regulatory and legislative process in Washington, D.C., ACA Connects’ members work together to advance the interests of their customers and ensure the future competitiveness and viability of their business.